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Are You Ready for the 100% Cargo Screening Mandate?

June 3, 2010 – 6:45 pm

I listened to an informative roundtable┬á courtesy of American Airlines Cargo on the upcoming 100% Air Cargo Screening Mandate, which becomes law on August 1, 2010. All cargo to be shipped on passenger airplanes will need to be screened before it is loaded. The law is to “ensure the safety of those passengers above that cargo,” explained Doug Brittin, general manager, air cargo, Transportation Security Administration (TSA).

We covered this issue last September 2009 in “Pharma Firms Set Up Cargo Screening,” in which senior editor David Vaczek reported on Pfizer’s efforts to get pharma working with the TSA to develop screening procedures. We’ll follow up on that effort.

But judging from the roundtable, pharmaceutical companies have been active in TSA’s Certified Cargo Screening Program (CCSP). According to TSA, “the program enables freight forwarders and shippers to pre-screen cargo, avoiding any potential bottlenecks at the airport.”

The good news is that many in “the pharmaceutical industry realized early and went in early to become CCSP facilities,” explained Dave Brooks, president of American Airlines Cargo, during the roundtable. But gaps do remain.

For instance, after August 1, what could happen with shipments that are not pre-screened through a CCSP-certified facility? “We’ll have to screen them,” explained Brooks. Typical methods of screening include x-ray systems, use of explosive trace detection, and physical inspection. But x-ray cannot be used with all pharma shipping containers, like drums, and some radioactive healthcare materials could yield positive explosive trace detection tests, noted roundtable speakers. And physical inspection requires screeners to open packages, which could compromise sensitive pharmaceuticals and break custody chains.

The law also requires piece-level inspection. “If pieces are put on a skid and wrapped and we can see multiple pieces, we are obligated to separate and inspect each piece,” Brittin of TSA says. That means that pallet loads with multiple individual shippers shrink-wrapped onto a skid that are not prescreened will have to be opened and inspected using these methods.

“There are improved screening technologies available, but they require extra steps,” explained Brooks. “That means more time, more equipment, more space, and therefore more cost.”

Unscreened shipments risk departure delays, because airlines will not delay passenger flights waiting for late cargo, Brooks said. “If the freight is not screened and that plane is ready to go, that freight won’t fly,” he explained. And as such shipments wait for screening and perhaps later flights, they risk exposing products to conditions outside specified parameters.

All roundtable speakers agreed that the best option to comply with the law is to pre-screen their products under CCSP certification. “Inspection can happen as the commodity is being packed,” explains Brooks.

Brandon Fried, executive director of the Airforwarders Association, agreed. “It is better is the shipper does the screening. It doesn’t mean that we are not ready to do the screening ourselves, but that it is better for shippers to screen as they pack,” he said.

Brooks said that approximately half of the world’s cargo capacity is provided by passenger airplanes, and he does not want to see that business shift to other modes of transportation. “We are hugely motivated to make sure that the dock process goes as smoothly as possible. We are spending a lot of money to be compliant ourselves. Shippers and forwarders that can do this work themselves and present shipments to us as prescreened will have a better experience at the dock.”

Daphne Allen

  1. 2 Responses to “Are You Ready for the 100% Cargo Screening Mandate?”

  2. Correct me if I’m wrong, but we are looking for a fast, mobile and in the first place a reliable tool to screen cargo?

    There is a ‘tool’ called detection dog. It is fast, it is mobile, and if dog and dog handler are trained according the highest standards, very reliable! The detection dog is the solution for many of the problems mentioned above: less time, less equipment, less space and less COST.

    Reliability is the issue why detection dogs are not used more often. First, there are too many amateurs who started this as a hobby. Second, there is not an official certification institute: not in the US, not in Europe, or anywhere in the world.

    By setting official standards for instructors, detection dog handlers, detection dogs, and very important the quality control, the reliability can also be guaranteed.

    We, THEM, are the architects of the first quality handbook for Explosive Detection Dogs in the world. Dogs trained by these standards are tested by the European Union at Airport Brussels (2009). The quality handbook was leading for the development of the new European law for Explosive Detection Dogs (2010).

    International certification contributes to the reliability of detection dogs and forces amateurs to leave or get their education on the right level.

    Do you recognize the need as well, you want to know more about the needed quality standards, or you know a way to get this on the agenda worldwide, please contact me: see@moreofthem.com, or our via our website: http://www.moreofthem.com

    Kind regards,
    Tim Wortman

    It’s not about us, it’s about THEM.
    THEM is the society.

    By Tim Wortman is one of THEM on Jun 4, 2010

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